Many taxpayers with IRAs must take a withdrawal from their accounts each year, called a required minimum distribution (RMD). In general, taxpayers who will be 72 years of age or older by the end of this year must take a 2022 RMD from their traditional, SIMPLE or SEP IRA. Holders of Roth IRAs typically do not need to take RMDs.
The deadline for most 2022 RMDs is December 31. However, a different deadline applies if you turned 72 in 2022, and will be taking your first RMD. In this case, you may take your first RMD at any time until April 1, 2023, as long as you then take your second RMD by December 31, 2023. RMDs are generally taxable in the year when you receive the money.
Failure to take an RMD by the deadline, or withdrawing an insufficient amount, may result in a 50% tax penalty on the amount that was not withdrawn as required.
Many workplace retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, have similar RMD rules. Taxpayers who inherited any type of IRA (including Roth) may also have to take RMDs. Your IRA trustee or administrator can help you determine whether you must take a 2022 RMD and if so, the correct amount. A tax professional can help you properly report the RMD and figure any tax due on it.